Nutritional Biochemistry and Obesity
Nutritional biochemistry deals with various studies in nutrients, food constituents and their function regarding humans and other mammals, nutritional biochemistry specifically focuses on nutrient chemical components, and how they function biochemically, physiologically, metabolically, as well as their impact on disease. Nutritional Biochemical research is mostly involved upon defining dietary and nutritional needs in sick and healthy individuals and the reduction of side effects of pharmaceutical drugs.
Obesity is a condition of increased adipose tissue mass.1 Obesity can also be defined as an increase in body weight beyond the limits of physical requirement, as the result of an excessive accumulation of fat. Accumulation of fat, or triacylglycerol, is essentially the only way that body weight can become excessive, as other energy storage (e.g. carbohydrate glycogen or protein in liver and muscle) does not have the potential of adipose tissue to exceed the limits of requirement. Although anabolic steroids can increase lean body mass and therefore body mass, this has only been described in those already malnourished.